Cameron University

Department of Biological Sciences

                           General Botany: BIOL-144                             

Fall 2004


<>                                                                            Meeting times:  MWF 1:00-1:50           SC-101           
                                                                                        Lab: W 2:00-3:50         SC-128
                                                                                                     4 Credit hours


Instructor:  Michael T. Dunn Ph.D

Office:     Science Complex-138D

Phone:    581-2287


Office Hours:    11:00 - 12:00 M-F or by appointment.


Required Text:              Simpson, B. B., and Ogorzaly, M. C. 2001. Economic Botany. McGraw-Hill, NY, 3rd. Ed.


Lab Exercises:                                      Handouts:         I will put them on the web for you to print out.



Course Description:      This is an introductory biology course for non-science majors that includes lecture and laboratory components.  In General, we will follow the book with some modifications. You are responsible for what we cover in class, not the whole book.


The labs are designed to support and reinforce the lectures so we need to stay on schedule with the lectures so that the labs and lectures correlate.  The major variations from the book are so that the labs fit the schedule we have to work with.


Course Objectives:       The objectives of this course are to introduce non-science majors to the plant kingdom, to learn how plants are constructed and grow, and to explore the relationships between plants and people.


Your job:         This class, as with all science classes will require you to study outside of class as well as attend class, and apply college level learning skills.  That may sound overly simplified, but it am always amazed at how many students do not come to class prepared, or know how to take notes.  I will be glad to look at your notes at any time during the semester (hopefully not the day before a test) to see if you are getting the gist of the subjects.


You will need to read the book. We will follow the book quite closely.  You paid for it and I hope you will get your moneys worth.


Please don’t fall behind, there is just too much material, and in this class we take concepts and build on them. So if you miss a concept it has a snowball effect.


Study groups help a lot.


My job:                                               My job is to guide you through material and explain and interpret the material in a way that hopefully you will be able to understand.  


Every discipline has it’s own language.  That’s because terms have an exact meaning and so using the right term communicates something explicitly. Botany is particularly terminology heavy and I encourage you make a list of definitions.


I know many people are afraid of sciences classes.  Biology is not easy but it is do-able and I am here to try and help.


It will help us both if I get feed back, it doesn’t help to tell your friend you don’t get it or that I’m going too fast.  Please tell me.


I do this because I like this stuff.  I hope I can convey some of that passion to you.  But in any case I am here to help, so please utilize my office hours and get help before it gets too late.



Grading:                                   Exams: Three comprehensive mid-term exams, 100 points each.  Comprehensive final exam, 200 points. 


Everything is comprehensive because biology is completely interconnected and taught in a step-wise manner.



Exams are a combination of multiple choice, matching, labeling, short answer, and lab practical.


Exams will be held in the lab room SC 128.


For the lab practical part stations will be set up around the room and you will be asked a question or two about the item.


Quizzes: Five announced quizzes, 10 points each.


Quizzes have two purposes. 


1) To make you study as we go, and not wait until the night before the test


2) To give you samples of the types of questions you will see on the exam.


I know that the first exam is the most stressful because you don’t know how the exams are structured.


Giving sample questions helps solve that


So we will try to get in a couple early



Assignments: 160 points.           Plant Anatomy and Morphology (60)

Scientific Literature (50)

Ethnobotany (50)


Additional exercises: 30 points.



Written and oral reports: 100 points.


Each student will prepare a five page report (typed, double spaced) on some aspect of botany worth 75 points.  The topic must submitted to the instructor for approval by e-mail by Monday, 25 October. 

Papers are due by Monday, 22 November. 


We will take some time in the next couple of weeks, after we get a feel for the subject matter, a talk about the papers.


Five minute oral reports of the papers are worth 25 points and will by presented to the class by the authors  8 December in your lab period.


840 points total



Grading scale:


90% - 100%     =         A

80% - 89%       =         B

70% - 79%       =         C

60% - 69%       =         D

0%   - 59%       =         F




Personal Grade Record
















































































                                   Do not come to see me and ask what your grade is!!


                             It is your responsibility to keep track of your own progress.



Policies:                                    Attendance will not be taken after the first day of class.  You are adults who can manage your own time.  However, it must be stated up front that experience has shown that for the vast majority of students, success in the classroom is directly correlated to attendance.  Therefore you are STRONGLY encouraged to attend every class.


Plagiarism and cheating will not be tolerated and will be punished following Cameron University policy (sections 4.08 and 4.09 of the Student Code of Conduct).


Make-up Exams will be given with a valid excuse.  However, you must contact me within 24 hours after the missed exam to arrange a time.  


Labs cannot be made up.





Safety Regulations:


1) No unauthorized food or drink in the lab

2) No guests in the classroom

3) No electronic devices in the classroom



Course Schedule








M-23 Aug






W-25 Aug


Cells and Tissues: Ch. 1


No Lab


F-27 Aug


Roots, Stems, Leaves: Ch. 1




M-30 Aug


Roots, Stems, Leaves: Ch. 1




W-1 Sept


Roots, Stems, Leaves: Ch. 1


Plant Anatomy and Morphology


F-3 Sept


Reproduction: Ch. 1




M-6 Sept


Labor Day




W-8 Sept


Flowers: Ch. 1


Plant Anatomy and Morphology


F-10 Sept


Flowers: Ch. 1




M-13 Sept


Flowers: Ch. 1




W-15 Sept


Plant Reproduction: Ch. 1




F-17 Sept


Plant Reproduction: Ch. 1




M-20 Sept


Taxonomy: Ch. 1




W-22 Sept






F-24 Sept






M-27 Sept


History of Agriculture: Ch. 2




W-29 Sept


Fruits and Nuts: Ch. 4




F-1 Oct


Fruits and Nuts: Ch. 4




M-4 Oct


Grains and Grasses: Ch. 5




W-6 Oct


Grains and Grasses: Ch. 5


Grains and Grasses


F-8 Oct


Legumes: Ch. 6




M-11 Oct


Legumes: Ch. 6




W-13 Oct






F-15 Oct






M-18 Oct


Root, Stem, and Leaf Crops: Ch. 7




W-20 Oct


Medicinal Plants


Medicinal Plants


F-22 Oct


Fall Break




M-25 Oct


Spices, Herbs, Perfumes: Ch. 8




W- 27 Oct






F- 29 Oct


Drugs and Poisons




M-1 Nov


Drugs and Poisons




W- 3 Nov


Fibers Wood




F- 5 Nov


No Class          (Oklahoma Academy of Science)




M-8 Nov


Stimulating Beverages




W-10 Nov


Stimulating Beverages


Stimulating Beverages


F-12 Nov






M-15 Nov






W-17 Nov




Campus Tour


F-19 Nov


Test III




M-22 Nov






W-24 Nov


No Class


No Lab


F-26 Nov


No Class




M-29 Nov






W-1 Dec






F-3 Dec






M-6 Dec






W-8 Dec






F-10 Dec






R-16 Dec


Final 3:00- 5:00



























What is this class about?


Plants and their relationship to people.


Function in the Ecosystem



Primary producers:




DRAW food web







Plants convert sunlight into O2 and Carbohydrates:



Plant Cell:        








In the chloroplast:


Sunlight + CO2 >>>> O2 as a waste product + C6H12O6 (Glucose)



Chains of glucose = starch

Potato = leucoplast full of starch


Spices = leucoplast full of oils


Cicuta (Water Hemlock) = full of poison




Uses by People


Food:                                                   Stems:              Potato


Leaves:             Spinach



Roots:                          Sweet potato


Flowers:           Saffron (the most expensive spice) from the pollen recieving structure (stigma)


Fruits:                           Apples to peanuts


Seeds:                          Shelled Beans


Medicine:         Taxol


Beverages:        Coffee, tea, beer, wine, cola


Fiber:                           Cotton, hemp


Wood:                          Secondary growth




We will learn what plants are


The history of human usage


Some of the common and uncommon uses