Group Composition

One group characteristic that affects performance is communication medium. Electronic meeting systems have been purported to aid U.S. military teams by providing flexible, instant information exchange and efficient activity coordination across geographical boundaries (Chidambaram & Igbaria, 1996). Computer mediated communication affects the manner in which group members communicate. For example, Siegel, Dubrovsky, Kiesler, and McGuire (1986) found that computer-mediated group members were more likely to swear and insult one another than face-to-face group members. In addition, people type messages differently than they say them. Some researchers find face-to-face groups perform better than computer-mediated teams (Becker-Beck, Wintermantel, & Borg, 2005); others report face-to-face groups perform worse (Valachic, Dennis, & Connolly, 1994). Still others conclude that communication medium interacts with task type to affect performance (Kerr & Murthy, 2004). We have conducted several studies to examine similarities and differences between distributed and face-to-face groups.


Relevant Publications
Brenner, C. & Wong, V.; Faculty Sponsor: Mary Dzindolet. (2003, November). The effects of communication medium on the relationship between linguistic style and performance on a mixed-motive task. Paper presented at the 92th annual technical meeting of the Oklahoma Academy of Science, Chickasha, OK. THIS PAPER WON 1ST PLACE IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES COMPETITION

Batka, J., Beadles, E., & Dzindolet, M. (2003, November). The relationship between language use and brainstorming performance among distributed and face-to-face groups. Paper presented at the 92th annual technical meeting of the Oklahoma Academy of Science, Chickasha, OK.

Pierce, L. G., Dzindolet, M. T., (1997, March). Social loafing in an automated environment. Paper presented at Cameron University's Festival III Academic Conference: Science, Technology, and the 21st Century: New Eden or Armageddon?, Lawton, Oklahoma.

Paulus, P.B., Dzindolet, M. T., Putman, V. L., Leggett, K. L., & Roland, E. J. (1995, September). Social processes in computer brainstorming. Poster session presented at the joint meeting of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology and the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Washington, D.C.

Beck, H., Pierce, L. G. & Dzindolet, M. T. (1995, June). Varying reward distribution schedules to optimize small group performance. Poster session presented at the meetings of the American Psychological Society, New York City, New York.

Another group characteristic that affects performance is the level of homogeneity and cohesion among group members. We have conducted several studies to help understand the complex relationships amoung diversity, cohesion, and performance.

Relevant Presentations
Field, C., Batka, J., Gohl, A., Beadles, E., DeSorrento, E., & Dzindolet, M. (November,
2004). The relationships among the Big Five Personality Factors and language used when writing about movie or television preferences. Paper presented at the Oklahoma Academy of Science, Edmond, OK. THIS PAPER WAS SELECTED AS BEST SOCIAL SCIENCE PAPER

Stover, A. S., & Sutton, J. L. (Academic Advisor: Mary Dzindolet). (2003, March). Understanding Culture’s Impact on Teamwork. Poster presented at the Llano Estacado Undergraduate Psychology Research Conference, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas.

Burnett, S., & Dzindolet, M. T. (2002, April). Linguistic analysis as a measure of cohesion. Paper presented at the 20th annual Oklahoma Psychological Society Spring Research Conference, Edmond, Oklahoma. THIS PAPER PRESENTATION WON 2ND PLACE IN THE GRADUATE PAPER PRESENTATION COMPETITION ($75 AWARD)

Purcell, L., Pomranky, R., Varner, W., & Dzindolet, M. T. (2001, April). Examining informational influences in group polarization. Paper presented at the 19th annual Oklahoma Psychological Society Spring Research Conference, Edmond, Oklahoma. THIS PAPER WAS AWARDED 2TH PLACE IN THE UNDERGRADUATE PAPER COMPETITION

Purcell, L. L., Pomranky, R. A., Varner, W. M., & Dzindolet, M. T. (2000, October). Group polarization: Insights into influencing individuals. Poster session presented at Research Day for Oklahoma’s Regional Universities, Edmond, Oklahoma.

Kaiser-Lee, P., & Dzindolet, M. T. (1994, June). The effect of racial heterogeneity on performance and communication satisfaction in small task groups. Poster session presented at the meetings of the American Psychological Society, Washington D.C.