Chapter 16 - Learning Goals
Explain what is meant by the autoionization of water, and write the ion-product constant for
List the general properties that characterize acidic and basic solutions, and identify the ions
responsible for these properties.
Define Bronsted-Lowry acid, Bronsted-Lowry base, and conjugate acid base pair; identify
the conjugate base associated with a given Bronsted-Lowry acid and the conjugate acid
associated with a Bronsted-Lowry base.
Define pH, calculate pH from a knowledge of [H+] or [OH-], and perform the reverse
Identify the common strong acids and bases, and calculate the pH of their aqueous solutions
given their concentrations.
Calculate the pH for a weak acid solution in water, given the weak acid concentration and
Ka; calculate the Ka given the acid concentration and pH.
Calculate the percent ionization for a weak acid, knowing it's concentration in solution and
the value of Ka.
Calculate the pH for a weak base solution in water given the base concentration and Kb;
calculate the Kb given the base concentration and pH.
Determine the relationship between the strength of an acid and that of it's conjugate base;
calculate Kb from a knowledge of Ka and vice versa.
Predict whether a particular salt solution will be acidic, basic, or neutral.
Explain how relative acid strength relates to the polarity and the strength of the H-X bond.
Predict the relative strengths of the oxyacids.
Define acid or base in terms of the Lewis concept.