The Slave Trade as a Global Enterprise
I. Primary Source Areas for Slaves:
A. Overall Picture:
1. How Many Africans in the Whole Slave Trade?B. African Regional Contributions
a. 1500: 5000/yr.
b. 1550: 8000/yr.
c. 1600: 9500/yr.
d. 1650: 13,800/yr.
e. 1700: 36,100/yr.
f. 1750: 80,000/yr. (peak about 1760 to end of century)
g. 1800: 80,000/yr.
1. West Coast: contribution ranged from 40%, c. 1500 to 16%, c. 1700
2. Gulf of Guinea: contribution ranged from 20%, c. 1500 to 54%, c. 1700
3. West Central Africa: Contribution ranged from 40%, c. 1500 to 31%, c. 1700
II. Primary Destinations of African slaves:
A. Overview: 1450-1870; Portuguese start trade in 15th century and are the last to end it in 1870.
1. Europe & the Atlantic Islands: 1.9%
2. Spanish America: 15.9%
3. Brazil: 37.8%
4. Non-Spanish Caribbean: 40%
5. North America: 4.4%
B. Estimates for Key Regions
1. Spanish Americas
a. c. 1600-1750: 450,000 slaves legally imported
a. c. 1535-1810: c. 2.5 million slaves imported
a. Jamaica: c. 1700-1786: 610,000 slaves imported
III. The Slave Trade and the Plantation Complex: An Early Global Enterprise
A. Triangle Trades in the Atlantic
1. Basic Pattern of Trade
2. Reason for Trade Structure
B. Who ran the trade?
2. Objections to Monopoly
3. 1700-End of the Slave Trade
IV. Contemporary and Modern-Day Views on the Slave Trade
A. Contemporary Views:
B. Modern-Day Scholars
1. Williams Thesis
2. Underdevelopment Thesis
3. Thornton Thesis
Spain: asiento de negros
Portugal: Private Trade
Britain: Royal African Company
France: Royal West India Company, commerce exclusif
Dutch Republic: Dutch West India Company
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