Writing and Religion in Ancient Egypt and
2. Second Stage (reduction of number of signs e.g.), c. 3500-2900 B.C.E.
3. Third Stage, c. 2600-2400 B.C.E.
4. Different Theories of the Origins of Writing
5. Duration of Sumerian
1. hieroglyphics: by c. 3,100 B.C.E.
2. hieratic script: c. 3,000-2,600 B.C.E.
3. scribes: emerge fully by Middle Kingdom
C. Religion and Writing
II. Religion1. The Sacred Meaning of Writing
2. Tying Sacred & Secular
A. Principles in Common
1. The Role of Believers
2. The Role of Priests
3. Physically Present Deities
4. Modified Polytheism
B. The Babylonian Kingdom
1. Gods, Afterlife, and the Divine in Everyday Life
C. Death and Afterlife in New Kingdom Egypt
1. The Democratization of Death
a. Cult of Osiris
2. Pharaoh vs. the Priests of Amun?
Uruk (Erech in the Old Testament)
Sumerian Writing System: cuneiform
Akhenaten (r. 1353-1335 B.C.E.)
Queen Nefertiti (fl. during Akhenaten's reign)
Tutankhamun (r. 1333-1323 B.C.E.)
Priests of Amun
Cult of Osiris
Field of Rushes
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